Volume 6, Issue 8, August 2015

A Privacy Preserving Access Control Model for Personal Health Record System

Omole, G.A, Adekunle, Y.A, Izang, A. A. and Omotunde, A.A

Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, Babcock University, Ogun State, Nigeria

Abstract– Personal Health Record (PHR) is an evolving patient-centric model for health information exchange and for storing patients’ e-record in a centralized place. It permits patients to create, manage, control and share their health information with other users. Privacy and security in cloud computing is an important concern for both public and private sector. Cloud computing has the advantage of reducing cost by sharing computing and storage resources, combined with an on-demand provisioning mechanism relying on a pay-per-use business model. While it offers these resources, it likewise poses risks for privacy preservation and the level of assurance required to sustain assurance in would-be users. The challenges in privacy protection are sharing data while protecting personal information. The confidentiality of the medical records is a major problem when patients use commercial cloud servers to store their medical records. In order to assure the patients’ control over their own medical records, these records/ files should be preserved with high privacy and security and be encrypted before outsourcing them. In this dissertation, we propose a framework for privacy in a PHR of a patient; the design of a privacy-preserving that enables patients to keep their health information without disclosing their sensitive information to an unauthorized third party. The PHR was designed using Apache server, MySQL as the database in conjunction with PHPMyAdmin, CSS, HTML and JavaScript. The purpose of privacy is to anticipate privacy risks prior to the development of the system and assess its impact on individuals’ privacy. This helps to prevent privacy intrusion events before they occur.

Keywords— Attribute Based Encryption, Cloud Computing, Privacy and PHR

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Design and Installation of Mini Hydropower Plant in Rural Areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

Salman Rashid, M Riaz, Yawar Hayat Khan, Iftikhar Javed Khan and Javed Ali Khan

School of Information Technology, University of Lahore, Islamabad Campus, Islamabad, 4400, Pakistan
University of Lahore, Islamabad Campus, Islamabad, 4400, Pakistan
Department of Software Engineering University of Science and Technology Bannu, 28100 Pakistan

Abstract– Proper resources mobilization, whether of human or natural plays a vital role in the development of any region. It is worth mentioning that in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa there are abundant water resources that can play significant role in improvement of living standard of underdeveloped population of the area. In the same region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa the settlements and houses are scattered is so far away from national transmission. Likewise, transport of fuel to these locations is really expensive. The paper is based upon to mitigate these problems is to install micro hydro power plants for the betterment and prosperity of the natives. Micro hydro power plants can provide energy for lighting, milling facilities; telephonic communication, radio and television etc. micro hydro power plants may even encourage the development of facilities such as rope ways to reduce the burdens of physical pottering.

Keywords— Peloton Wheel Turbine, Alternator, Milled Steel Penstock Pipe and 3-Phase Panel Board

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Comparison between Surface-based and Dependency-based Relation Extraction Approaches for Automatic Generation of Multiple-Choice Questions

Naveed Afzal and Abdullah Bawakid

Department of Biomedical Informatics, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN, 55901, USA
Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, KSA

Abstract– Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) are frequently used as an assessment tool in various e-Learning applications. In this paper, we compare two systems for automatic generation of multiple-choice question (MCQs) that are based on semantic relations. Both systems used an unsupervised approach for relation extraction to be applied in the context of automatic generation of MCQs. Both approaches aim to identify the most important semantic relations in a document without assigning explicit labels to them in order to ensure broad coverage, unrestricted to predefined types of relations. One system is based on surface-based semantic relations while other utilizes dependency-based semantic relations. The surface-based MCQ system extract semantic relations between named entities in a text via Information Extraction methodologies and automatically generate questions from extracted semantic relations while the dependency-based MCQ system extract semantic relations between named entities by employing a dependency-based tree model. Our findings indicate that the dependency-based MCQ system performs better than the surface-based MCQ system.

Keywords— Biomedical Informatics, Electronic Learning, Data Mining and Natural Language Processing

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Determination of Trace and Major Elements in Palm Wine from Industrial and Non-Industrial Areas of Enugu State Nigeria

Ape David I., John Nnenna S., Nwafor Emmanuel C., and Ekpe Ikedichi O.

Materials and Energy Technology Department, Projects Development Institute (PRODA), Emene, Enugu State, Nigeria

Abstract– The objective of this research is to investigate the degree of contamination of toxic elements in industrial areas comparatively to non-industrial areas with special interest to lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) which are hazardous to human health. The concentration of some heavy metals (K, Mg, Ca, Na, Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Cr, Co, Cd, Ni, and Pb) in palm wines obtained from two non- industrial sites (NIDS) and two industrial sites (IDS) in Enugu state Nigeria was determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The result showed the concentration of the metals from NIDS and IDS as follows: NIDS 1 and 2; Cr (0.01ppm, 0.03ppm), Cu (0.13ppm, 0.15ppm), Cd (ND), Fe (1.99ppm, 2.95ppm), Mn (0.21ppm, 0.17ppm), Ni (0.02ppm, ND), Pb (ND), Zn (0.89ppm, 0.24ppm), K (1.25ppm, 1.45ppm), Co (0.02ppm, 0.03ppm) Mg (0.97ppm, 0.79ppm), Ca (0.42ppm, 0.35ppm), Na (1.02ppm, 0.87ppm), while that of IDS 1 and 2; Cr (0.24ppm, 0.26ppm), Cu ( 0.45ppm, 0.36ppm) Cd (ND) Fe (2.98ppm, 2.75ppm), Mn (0.5ppm, 0.6ppm), Ni (0.02ppm, 0.01ppm), Pb (0.002ppm, ND), Zn (0.3ppm, 0.41ppm), K (2.05ppm, 1.99ppm), Co (0.04ppm, 0.02ppm), Mg (1.05ppm, 0.96ppm) Ca (0.93ppm) Na (1.62ppm, 1.53ppm). Comparison of the concentration of these heavy metals in the palm wine with those of the international/national standards of heavy metals for food, vegetables, cereals and drinking water shows that all metal were within allowable limit. Though Zn showed a little variation as it was higher in concentration in the NIDS 2 as compare to the IDS 1&2 even in NIDS 1, this variation however did not affect the standards for consumption since it is still within the permissible limit. This shows that the palm wine obtained from both non-industrial sites and industrial sites from oil palm trees is suitable for consumption.

Keywords— Palm Wine, Heavy Metals, Industrial and Trace Elements

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Eternity of Ego from Plato and Ibn Sina Point of View

Saeed Moahammad Reza Adnani

Department of Islamic Philosophy and Discourse, Payame Noor University, PO BOX 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran

Abstract– The notion of eternity of mankind has a history as long as human life and civilization. His long-standing concerns about death and the experience of death shackle him which for its part, is harbinger of path of constant quoted evidences. He expresses discontinuity, extension, parallelism, and independence logics in order to proof eternity of ego. This article is going to analyze and examine at first Plato's and then Ibn Sina's ideas and thoughts about life after death. On the other hand, different religions promises about life after death, encourage wisdom to think about its possibility or conditions of its occurrence. Sages and philosophers believe in eternity of ego and each one for its part expressed some evidences to proof it. Plato is one of the philosophers who proofed eternity of ego by using logics such as paradox pursuance, admonition, extension, concoction, and life. Ibn Sina is another philosopher who precisely talked about eternity of ego and expressed evidences for eternity of ego after body perdition. He believes in spiritual resurrection and denies physical resurrection. According to him, physical resurrection cannot be proofed by rational arguments and it should be proofed through conveyed reasons.

Keywords— Eternity, Ego, Perpetuity, Mortality, Physical Resurrection and Spiritual Resurrection

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A Comparative Analysis of Elicitation Techniques for Design of Smart Requirements using Situational Characteristics

Mariam Tariq, Saima Farhan, Huma Tauseef and Muhammad Abuzar Fahiem

Department of Computer Science, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan

Abstract– Requirement elicitation is a crucial step in the process of requirement engineering, which itself plays a vital role in software engineering process. Smart requirements lead to the success of software projects. Ambiguous and faulty requirements may result in the failure of a particular software development project. It is essential to identify correct requirements for the software project, in order to make it a success. Requirements are clarified through requirement elicitation process carried out by requirement analyst. There is an immense need to aid analyst in requirement elicitation activity to carry out correct requirement’s design. In this paper we present detailed comparison of elicitation techniques, along with its characteristics as well as situational characteristics. The comparative analysis will help analyst in the selection of correct requirement elicitation technique based on different situational characteristics. In the end we present a model that will be helpful in automating the process of requirement elicitation technique selection.

Keywords— Requirement Engineering, Requirement Elicitation and Situational Characteristics

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