Volume 7, Issue 6, August 2016

Few ICT Applications for Improved Healthcare Service Delivery in Developing Countries

Zain Abbas, S. M. Aqil Burney and Abdul Bari

DCS (UBIT) University of Karachi, Pakistan
Department of ASRM, IoBM Karachi, Pakistan
SZIC University of Karachi, Pakistan

Abstract– Healthcare sector of developing countries like Pakistan suffer due to dearth of experienced physicians, professional caregivers, patchy infrastructure, and poor populace. Modern Information and Communication Technology (ICT) devices can overcome these impediments due to their low cost, penetration in urban, rural and remote areas; and ease of use. The work reviews the recent ICT growth together with e-health and m-health; and present some successful applications (namely DocsLab, Drugs-Pharma and Health Care App) based on these. The apps reported have been designed, deployed and tested in Karachi, Pakistan

Keywords— E-health, Healthcare, ICT and M-health

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Optimization and Characterization of Adsorptive Behavior of Pentaclethra Macrophylla Activated Carbon on Aqueous Solution

Chinenye Faith Okey-Onyesolu, Okechukwu Dominic Onukwuli and Chukwunonso Chukwuzuloke Okoye

Department of Chemical Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria

Abstract– Biosorption potentials of activated carbons from pentaclethra Macrophylla (PMAC) seed shells for the removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solution were investigated. The physicochemical properties of pentaclethra Macrophylla (PMAC) seed shells were characterized through ASTM standards for adsorbents tests. The functional groups of the pentaclethra Macrophylla (PMAC) were investigated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, morphology measured with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), oxides investigated by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and diffraction pattern observed by x-ray diffraction (XRD). Influence of key parameters such as contact time, pH of pb(II) solution, temperature of Pb(II) solution, adsorbent dosage, adsorbent particle size and initial concentration of Pb(II)solution were studied by batch mode. These process parameters were optimized using response surface methodology (RSM) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The significance of the different process parameters and their combined effects on the adsorption efficiency were established through a full factorial central composite design. The results obtained are in good agreement with published data for other activated carbons as well as various international standards for water treatment. An optimal yield of 94.83% was obtained with optimal conditions of solution temperature, 300C; contact time, 120minutes; adsorbent dosage, 1.50 g; and pH, 7. The optimization was performed using the numerical method of the Design Expert version by State Ease U.S.A. This investigation has shown that pentaclethra Macrophylla (PMAC) seed shells from Nigeria can be used for industries as activated carbon for waste water treatment.

Keywords— Adsorption, Optimization, Pentaclethra Macrophylla (PMAC), Seed Shells and Response Surface Modeling

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A Trust Based Authentication Scheme in VANET

Farooq Javed, Ameer Hamza, Faqia Saeed and Nudrat Nida

Department of Computer Science & IT, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
Department of CS&E, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan

Abstract– In vehicular network message validation is one of the key factors of Intelligent Transport System (ITS), as valid message improves the route planning, road safety and traffic management. The proposed scheme is about the validity of the message whether the message received is valid or not. Invalid message in real time urban environment can cause road side accidents, traffic jams, speed control, free passage of emergency vehicles and unseen obstacles etc at a large number that may lead to a serious/fatal results. We propose a scheme that focuses on the validity of the message by testing the trust level of the vehicle, the validity of sender vehicle’s message is checked by the rating assigned to each vehicle that set by the group of receiving vehicles. If sender’s rating is above the threshold value the sender vehicle will be in the trustee mode. Otherwise it will be in the list of non-trustee mode.

Keywords— VANET, Security, ITS, Certificate Authority (CA), On Board Units (OBU), Vehicle to Vehicle (V-to-V) and Vehicle to Infrastructure (V-to-I)

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Comparison of Energy Harvesting Techniques in Wireless Body Area Network

Hamid Ali, Muhammad Riaz, Anas Bilal and Khalil Ullah

School of Information Technology University of Lahore, Islamabad, Pakistan

Abstract– Wireless body area network is very significant topic now a days and it is developing technology in the field off human body health services because it’s developing time to time and play very important role to improve human health. In this paper, we conduct a survey of WBAN harvesting techniques and discuss the different challenges and issues that are involved in the design of WBAN. Batteries are the main element of sensor nodes which use power to work properly that’s why management of power resource is the main challenge. To overcome this challenge use Past research describe the different types of harvesting techniques such as Vibration, solar, blood pressure, thermal, wind and radio frequency harvesting technique. We explore the thermoelectric generators for energy harvesting from the human body using the thermal harvesting technique and compare all the harvesting techniques which one is produce mover power for the nodes and suitable for the different environmental conditions. At the end we also discus about the different applications of WBAN that are used to improve human health.

Keywords— Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN), Wireless Local Area Networks (WLAN), Electrooculography (EOG), Electromyography (EMG), Electrocardiography (ECG), Electroencephalography (EEG), Energy Harvesting (EH), Radio Frequency (RF) and Radio Frequency Energy Harvesting (RFEH)

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Analysis of Factors Influencing Cloud Adoption in Traditional ERP in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Pakistan

Zain Ul Hassan, Ahsan Raza Sattar, Raheela Nasim and Muhammad Arif

Department of Computer Sciences, University of Agriculture, 38000 Faisalabad, Pakistan
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Agriculture, 38000 Faisalabad, Pakistan

Abstract– Information management system changes as system enhances. Current ERP in firms is known as a customary ERP system. In recent an innovative technology, cloud emerges with enterprise resource planning and these systems shift to the cloud. These systems are labelled as Cloud enterprise resource planning systems. Cloud ERP an effective solution of a number of problems, come across by customary ERP in terms of cost, accessibility and reliability. Cloud ERP is cost effectual in term of hardware and software. The aim of this research was to persuade that merging of cloud with ERP is an appropriate alternative to customary ERP for local and heavy data storage accessibility and impact of cloud adoption in SMEs and technology, organization, environment factors that affect the adoption and transformation on cloud a survey base investigation in applying on these factors. TOE was given a broader view of IT upgrade, adoption and transformation.

Keywords— Tradtional ERP, Cloud ERP, Cloud Computing, Cloud Adoption and TOE Framework

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